SKILLS 4 is committed to a policy of protecting the rights and privacy of individuals (which includes students, staff and others) in accordance with the Data Protection Act. SKILLS 4 needs to process certain information about its staff, students and other individuals it has dealings with for administrative purposes. To comply with the law, information about individuals must be collected and used fairly, stored safely and securely and not disclosed to any third party unlawfully.
The policy applies to all staff and students of SKILLS 4. Any breach of the Data Protection Act 1998 or SKILLS 4 GDPR Policy is considered to be an offence and in that event, disciplinary procedures may apply. As a matter of good practice, other parties and individuals working with SKILLS 4, and who have access to personal information, will be expected to have read and comply with this policy.
The Data Protection Act 1998 enhances and widens the scope of the Data Protection Act 1984. Its purpose is to protect the rights and privacy of living individuals and to ensure that personal data is not processed without their knowledge, and, wherever possible, is processed with their consent.
Data relating to a living individual who can be identified from that information or from that data and other information in possession of the data controller. Includes name, address, telephone number, id number. Also includes expression of opinion about the individual, and of the intentions of the data controller in respect of that individual.
Different from ordinary personal data (such as name, address, telephone) and relates to racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious beliefs, trade union membership, health, sex life, criminal convictions. Sensitive data are subject to much stricter conditions of processing.
Any person (or organisation) who makes decisions with regard to particular personal data, including decisions regarding the purposes for which personal data are processed and the way in which the personal data are processed.
Any living individual who is the subject of personal data held by an organisation.
Any operation related to organisation, retrieval, disclosure and deletion of data and includes: Obtaining and recording data Accessing, altering, adding to, merging, deleting data Retrieval, consultation or use of data Disclosure or otherwise making available of data.
Any Individual/organisation other than the data subject, the data controller or its agents.
Relevant Filing System
Any paper filing system or other manual filing system which is structured so that information about an individual is readily accessible. Please note that this is the definition of “Relevant Filing System” in the Act. Personal data as defined, and covered, by the Act can be held in any format, electronic (including websites and emails), paper-based, photographic etc. from which the individual’s information can be readily extracted.
The Office Manager acts as the Data Protection Officer and is responsible for day to day data protection matters and for developing data protection awareness.
All staff in managerial roles are responsible for developing and encouraging good information handling practice within SKILLS 4.
Compliance with data protection legislation is the responsibility of all members of SKILLS 4 who process personal information.
Members of SKILLS 4 are responsible for ensuring that any personal data supplied to SKILLS 4 are accurate and up to date.
All processing of personal data must be done in accordance with the eight data protection principles.
1. Personal data shall be processed fairly and lawfully.
Those responsible for processing personal data must make reasonable efforts to ensure that data subjects are informed of the identity of the data controller, the purpose(s) of the processing, any disclosures to third parties that are envisaged and an indication of the period for which the data will be kept.
2. Personal data shall be obtained for specific and lawful purposes and not processed in a manner incompatible with those purposes.
Data obtained for specified purposes must not be used for a purpose that differs from those.
3. Personal data shall be adequate, relevant and not excessive in relation to the purpose for which it is held.
Information, which is not strictly necessary for the purpose for which it is obtained, should not be collected. If data are given or obtained which is excessive for the purpose, they should be immediately deleted or destroyed.
4. Personal data shall be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date.
Data, which are kept for a long time, must be reviewed and updated as necessary. No data should be kept unless it is reasonable to assume that they are accurate. It is the responsibility of individuals to ensure that data held by SKILLS 4 are accurate and up to date. Completion of an appropriate registration or application form etc will be taken as an indication that the data contained therein is accurate. Individuals should notify SKILLS 4 of any changes in circumstance to enable personal records to be updated accordingly. It is the responsibility of SKILLS 4 to ensure that any notification regarding change of circumstances is noted and acted upon.
5. Personal data shall be kept only for as long as necessary.
6. Personal data shall be processed in accordance with the rights of data subjects under the Data Protection Act.
7. Appropriate technical and organisational measures shall be taken against unauthorised or unlawful processing of personal data and against accidental loss or destruction of data.
8. Personal data shall not be transferred to a country or a territory outside the European Economic Area unless that country or territory ensures an adequate level of protection for the rights and freedoms of data subjects in relation to the processing of personal data.
Data must not be transferred outside of the European Economic Area (EEA) – the EU Member States together with Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway – without the explicit consent of the individual. Members of SKILLS 4 should be particularly aware of this when publishing information on the Internet, which can be accessed from anywhere in the globe. This is because transfer includes placing data on a web site that can be accessed from outside the EEA.
Data Subjects have the following rights regarding data processing, and the data that are recorded about them:
Wherever possible, personal data or sensitive data should not be obtained, held, used or disclosed unless the individual has given consent. SKILLS 4 understands “consent” to mean that the data subject has been fully informed of the intended processing and has signified their agreement, whilst being in a fit state of mind to do so and without pressure being exerted upon them. Consent obtained under duress or on the basis of misleading information will not be a valid basis for processing. There must be some active communication between the parties such as signing a form and the individual must sign the form freely of their own accord. Consent cannot be inferred from non-response to a communication. For sensitive data, explicit written consent of data subjects must be obtained where this data disclosure arises outside of routine data capture such as registration.
In most instances consent to process personal and sensitive data is obtained routinely by SKILLS 4 (eg when a student signs a registration form). Any SKILLS 4 forms (whether paper-based or web based) that gather data on an individual should contain a statement explaining what the information is to be used for and to whom it may be disclosed. It is particularly important to obtain specific consent if an individual’s data are to be published on the Internet as such data can be accessed from all over the world. Therefore, not gaining consent could contravene the eighth data protection principle.
If an individual does not consent to certain types of processing (eg direct marketing), appropriate action must be taken to ensure that the processing does not take place.
All staff are responsible for ensuring that any personal data (on others) which they hold are kept securely and that they are not disclosed to any unauthorised third party.
All personal data should be accessible only to those who need to use it. Staff should form a judgement based upon the sensitivity and value of the information in question, but always consider keeping personal data:
Care must be taken to ensure that appropriate security measures are in place for the deletion or disposal of personal data. Manual records should be shredded or disposed of as “confidential waste”. Hard drives of redundant PCs should be wiped clean before disposal.
This policy also applies to staff and students who process personal data “off-site”. Off-site processing presents a potentially greater risk of loss, theft or damage to personal data.
Members of SKILLS 4 have the right to access any personal data which are held by SKILLS 4 in electronic format and manual records which form part of a relevant filing system. This includes the right to inspect confidential personal references received by SKILLS 4 about that person.
SKILLS 4 must ensure that personal data are not disclosed to unauthorised third parties which includes family members, friends, government bodies, and in certain circumstances, the Police. All staff and students should exercise caution when asked to disclose personal data held on another individual to a third party. For instance, it would usually be deemed appropriate to disclose a colleague’s work contact details in response to an enquiry regarding a particular function for which they are responsible. However, it would not usually be appropriate to disclose a colleague’s work details to someone who wished to contact them regarding a non-work related matter. The important thing to bear in mind is whether or not disclosure of the information is relevant to, and necessary for, the conduct of SKILLS 4 business. Best practice, however, would be to take the contact details of the person making the enquiry and pass them onto the member of SKILLS 4 concerned.
This policy determines that personal data may be legitimately disclosed where one of the following conditions apply:
1. The individual has given their consent (e.g. a student/member of staff has consented SKILLS 4 corresponding with a named third party);
2. Where the disclosure is in the legitimate interests of the institution (e.g. disclosure to staff – personal information can be disclosed to other SKILLS 4 employees, if it is clear, that those members of staff require the information to enable them to perform their jobs);
3. Where the institution is legally obliged to disclose the data (e.g. awarding bodies, funding agencies)
4. Where disclosure of data is required for the performance of a contract (e.g. informing a student’s LEA or sponsor of course changes/withdrawal etc).
The Act permits certain disclosures without consent so long as the information is requested for one or more of the following purposes:
Requests must be supported by appropriate paperwork.
When members of staff receive enquiries as to whether a named individual is a member of SKILLS 4, the enquirer should be asked why the information is required. If consent for disclosure has not been given and the reason is not one detailed above (i.e. consent not required), the member of staff should decline to comment. Even confirming whether or not an individual is a member of SKILLS 4 may constitute an unauthorised disclosure.
Unless consent has been obtained from the data subject, information should not be disclosed over the telephone. Instead, the enquirer should be asked to provide documentary evidence to support their request. Ideally a statement from the data subject consenting to disclosure to the third party should accompany the request.
As an alternative to disclosing personal data, SKILLS 4 may offer to do one of the following:
SKILLS 4 discourages the retention of personal data for longer than they are required. Considerable amounts of data are collected on current staff and students. However, once a member of staff or student has left the institution, it will not be necessary to retain all the information held on them. Some data will be kept for longer periods than others.
In general, electronic student records containing information about individual students are kept indefinitely and information would typically include name and address on entry and completion, programmes taken, examination results, awards obtained.
The Registry and other departments should regularly review the personal files of individual students in accordance with SKILLS 4’s Student Records Retention Schedule.
Disposal of Records
Personal data must be disposed of in a way that protects the rights and privacy of data subjects (eg, shredding, disposal as confidential waste, secure electronic deletion).
All members of SKILLS 4 should note that SKILLS 4 publishes a number of items that include personal data and will continue to do so. These personal data are:
It is recognised that there might be occasions when a member of staff, a student, or a lay member of SKILLS 4, requests that their personal details in some of these categories remain confidential or are restricted to internal access.
All individuals should be offered an opportunity to opt-out of the publication of the above (and other) data. In such instances, SKILLS 4 should comply with the request and ensure that appropriate action is taken.
Any department or section that uses personal data for direct marketing purposes must inform data subjects of this at the time of collection of the data. Individuals must be provided with the opportunity to object to the use of their data for direct marketing purposes (eg an opt-out box on a form).